In the aftermath of World War I and World War II, Soviet leaders felt very apprehensive about Germany once again becoming a military power—a concern that was shared by many European nations on both sides of the Cold War divide.
Visit Website Events of the following year prompted American leaders to adopt a more militaristic stance toward the Soviets.
Afterhowever, far-reaching economic and political reforms introduced by Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev fundamentally altered the status quo. When Soviet leaders found it necessary to use military force to put down revolts in Hungary in and in Czechoslovakia infor example, they presented the action as being carried out by the Warsaw Pact rather than by the USSR alone.
Furthermore, events in Germany also caused concern. See Article History Alternative Titles: However, after the "special" council session of April and the development and adoption in of the Comprehensive Program for the Further Extension and Improvement of Cooperation and the Further Development of Socialist Economic Integration by Comecon Member Countries, Comecon activities were officially termed integration equalization of "differences in relative scarcities of goods and services between states through the deliberate elimination of barriers to trade and other forms of interaction".
Beginning inthis policy was supplemented by the deployment of American nuclear weapons in western European bases. After the treaty was signed, a number of the signatories made requests to the United States for military aid.
The Military Committee, consisting of representatives of the military chiefs of staff of the member states, subsumes two strategic commands: This collective defense arrangement only formally applied to attacks against the signatories that occurred in Europe or North America; it did not include conflicts in colonial territories.
Soviet invasionCzechs confronting Soviet troops in Prague, August 21, Special cooperative links were also set up with two PfP countries: This lineup remained constant until the Cold War ended with the dismantling of all the Communist governments in Eastern Europe in and American neo-isolationists thought that the alliance had outlived its purpose, but moderates of both parties shuddered to think of a world without it and recalled that its function had been not… Historical background After World War II inwestern Europe was economically exhausted and militarily weak the western Allies had rapidly and drastically reduced their armies at the end of the warand newly powerful communist parties had arisen in France and Italy.
In Februarya coup sponsored by the Soviet Union overthrew the democratic government of Czechoslovakia and brought that nation firmly into the Communist camp. The result was a radical decrease in trade with one another, as " Central and Eastern Europe… exchanged asymmetrical trade dependence on the Soviet Union for an equally asymmetrical commercial dependence on the European Community.
It was soon recognized, however, that a more formidable alliance would be required to provide an adequate military counterweight to the Soviets. However, these groupings typically proved "unwieldy, conservative, risk-averse, and bureaucratic," reproducing the problems they had been intended to solve.
Albania withheld support in because of the Soviet-Albanian splitformally withdrew in As a result, Comecon economies generally showed strong growth in the mids. In spite of general agreement on the concept behind the treaty, it took several months to work out the exact terms.
They were largely unaffected by the oil crisis. Truman to assert that the United States would provide economic and military aid to both countries, as well as to any other nation struggling against an attempt at subjugation.
For the first time since the s, the U. The term integration was always avoided because of its connotations of monopolistic capitalist collusion.
InComecon adopted the "interested party principle", under which any country could opt out of any project they chose, still allowing the other member states to use Comecon mechanisms to coordinate their activities. Congress had embraced the pursuit of the international alliance, but it remained concerned about the wording of the treaty.
There was also an internal security component to the agreement that proved useful to the USSR. Like NATO, the Warsaw Pact focused on the objective of creating a coordinated defense among its member nations in order to deter an enemy attack.
Each side was organizing its own sector of occupied Germany, so that two German states would emerge, a democratic one in the west and a communist one in the east. Organization Spurred by the North Korean invasion of South Korea in Junethe United States took steps to demonstrate that it would resist any Soviet military expansion or pressures in Europe.
The Soviets warned that such a provocative action would force them to make new security arrangements in their own sphere of influence, and they were true to their word.
It remains the largest peacetime military alliance in the world. Together, these countries held territory that formed a bridge between the opposite shores of the Atlantic Ocean, which would facilitate military action if it became necessary. However, almost all governments of those member states were indirectly controlled by the Soviet Union.The North Atlantic Treaty Organization – created on April 4 It is the military alliance of Democratic states in Europe and North America.
NATO founding members stated on April 4 in Article 5, the parties agree that an armed attack against one or more of them in Europe or North America shall be considered an attack against all.
The Significance of COMECON, Marshall Plan, NATO and Warsaw Pact in the Development of the Cold War PAGES 5. WORDS View Full Essay. More essays like this: Not sure what I'd do without @Kibin - Alfredo Alvarez, student @ Miami University.
Exactly what I needed. - Jenna Kraig, student @ UCLA. The Marshall Plan was a benefit because the European economies were in ruins while the US was untouched by the ravage of war. COMECON was not universally supported and members were not able to collectively provide the necessary economic assistance.
The Warsaw Pact, formally known as the Treaty of Friendship, Cooperation and Mutual Assistance, was a collective defence treaty signed in Warsaw, Poland among the Soviet Union and seven Soviet satellite states of Central and Eastern Europe in Mayduring the Cold War.
The Warsaw Pact was the military complement to the Council for. The Warsaw Pact was, however, the first step in a more systematic plan to strengthen the Soviet hold over its satellites, a program undertaken by the Soviet leaders Nikita Khrushchev and Nikolay Bulganin after their assumption of power early in Post-Cold War activity after Comecon After the fall of the Soviet Union and communist rule in Eastern Europe, East Germany (now unified with Germany) automatically joined the European Union (then the European Community) inDownload