Socrates, more than most, should be in accord with this contract, as he has lived a happy seventy years fully content with the Athenian way of life.
If Socrates were to break from prison now, having so consistently validated the social contract, he would be making himself an outlaw who would not be welcome in any other civilized state for the rest of his life. The Laws would further say, Socrates says, that he entered into a contract with them by remaining within the city, benefiting from it, and so now cannot justly attack it on account of having been unjustly convicted.
Socrates replies that it is only fitting that he react in such a manner given his age, and expresses surprise that the guard has let Crito into his cell at such an early hour.
The Laws say that a citizen stands in relation to the city as the child does to the parent, as the slave does to his master. Socrates argues that if it is never good to do injustice, then certainly it is never good to do injustice in response to injustice.
This does not answer whether it is just or unjust for Socrates to escape from the prison, so Socrates asks what the Laws would say about his leaving.
Crito further argues that a father like Socrates has an obligation to nurture and educate his children and should avoid orphaning them if at all possible.
Crito adds that the trial should The issue of principality in the crito by plato have taken place and might have been managed differently. On a more ethical level, Crito presents two more pressing arguments: And regardless of which of these is the case, it seems odd to assert that the Laws are just and must be respected and that the people are unjust and should not be respected.
He says that Socrates would be unjustly joining the efforts of his enemies against him. Also, the very confusion a reader finds in wading through these arguments is a great motivation to sort through issues of justice and law oneself.
Rather than simply break the Laws and escape, Socrates should try to persuade the Laws to let him go. The citizen is bound to the Laws like a child is bound to a parent, and so to go against the Laws would be like striking a parent.
Thus, Socrates convinces Crito that it would be better not to attempt an escape. He is visited before dawn by his old friend Crito, who has made arrangements to smuggle Socrates out of prison to the safety of exile. It seems Crito, who is trying to persuade Socrates to escape, and Socrates are in a sense talking past one another.
He tells him that there are eyewitness reports that the ship has come in from Delosand that tomorrow Socrates will be executed.
However, it is highly debatable how far one can truly separate the laws of a state from the people who apply them.
By giving the Laws their own voice, Plato hopes to distinguish them as a separate entity, making them something human toward which Socrates might be able to act unjustly. Socrates seems quite willing to await his imminent execution, and so Crito presents as many arguments as he can to persuade Socrates to escape.
Socrates claims that he was serious at his trial about not fearing death. Socrates says that the meaning of this is perfectly clear - it will be three days until he dies. At this point, Socrates introduces the voice of the Laws of Athens, which speaks to him and explain why it would be unjust for him to leave his cell.
Moreover, Crito urges, Socrates has support in other cities, including Thessalyand to be exiled would not be entirely negative. Crito informs Socrates that he is well-acquainted with the guard and has done him a certain benefaction.
If it is just, he will go with Crito, if it is unjust, he must remain in prison and face death. Crito does not allow Socrates to elaborate the meaning of the dream, but only calls him daimonic ; Crito has arrived at this early hour to save Socrates from death.
Since the Laws exist as one entity, to break one would be to break them all, and in doing so, Socrates would cause them great harm.
Crito continues with moral appeals. Rather than simply break the Laws and escape, Socrates should try to persuade the Laws to let him go.
Also, Socrates should not worry about the risk or the financial cost to his friends; these they are willing to pay, and they have also arranged to find Socrates a pleasant life in exile.
The citizen is bound to the Laws like a child is bound to a parent, and so to go against the Laws would be like striking a parent.If it is just, he will go with Crito, if it is unjust, he must remain in prison and face death.
At this point, Socrates introduces the voice of the Laws of Athens, which speaks to him.
Crito is a dialogue by the ancient Greek philosopher Plato. It depicts a conversation between Socrates and his wealthy friend Crito regarding justice, injustice, and the appropriate response to injustice. Socrates thinks that injustice may not be answered with injustice, and refuses Crito's offer to finance his escape from prison.
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Though brief, the Crito is a confusing and somewhat muddled dialogue. The difficulty Plato faced in composing the dialogue was to somehow justify Socrates' decision to stay in prison rather than try to escape after his wrongful condemnation.
When Plato wrote Crito, he was not trying to provide the answer to any issue. Instead, his goal was to encourage people to think about justice vs.
injustice in society. Instead, his goal was to encourage people to think about justice vs. injustice in society. Ken Griffin the issue of principality in the crito by plato Taste of Chocolate. Big Daddy Kane Harcourt School.Download