An analysis of the many different forms of violence and its effects on its victims

Is treatment preferable to incarceration, supervised probation, or other forms of court oversight for batterers? The individual victim or offender is the focus of most interventions and Page Share Cite Suggested Citation: Efforts to address fundamental sources of conflict, stress, and violence that occur repeatedly over time within the family environment may require extensive periods of support services to sustain the positive effects achieved in short-term interventions.

Is treatment what creates change, or is change in behavior reduced by multiple interventions, such as arrest, court monitoring of client participation in treatment services, and victim support services?

Variations in service scope or intensity caused by local service practices and social settings are important sources of "noise" in cross-site research studies; they can directly affect evaluation studies in such key areas as definitions, eligibility criteria, and outcome measures.

Greater discretion may be advised when the child and family are able to receive therapeutic treatment from health care or other service providers and when community resources are not available to respond appropriately to their cases. Because they extend to a larger population than those currently served by treatment centers, secondary prevention efforts can be expensive; their benefits may not become apparent until many years after the intervention occurs.

Safeguards are required, however, to ensure that such documentation does not lead to stigmatization, encourage discriminatory practices, or violate assurances of privacy and confidentiality, especially when individual histories become part of patient group records for health care providers and employers.

These outcomes may interact to deter and reduce domestic violence in the community, even if a treatment program does not alter the behavior of a particular batterer.

The committee therefore suggests that it is important for the states to proceed cautiously at this time and to delay adopting a mandatory reporting system in the area of domestic violence, until the positive and negative impacts of such a system have been rigorously examined in states in which domestic violence reports are now required by law.

These efforts may be difficult to implement and evaluate. For home visitation, the findings generally support the principle that early intervention with mothers who are at risk of child maltreatment makes a difference in child outcomes.

The interventions now constitute a broad range of institutional services that focus on the identification, treatment, prevention, and deterrence of family violence. Services for offenders are also typically of short duration. However, such learning requires appropriate program content and client participation in the program for a sufficient time to complete the necessary training.

The committee recommends their use in a strategy designed to prevent child maltreatment. Several states have opted for voluntary systems after conducting studies that considered the advantages and disadvantages of voluntary and mandatory reporting systems, on the grounds that mandatory reports do not achieve significant increases in the detection of elder abuse cases.

However, the effectiveness of reporting requirements depends on the availability of resources and service personnel who can investigate reports and refer cases for appropriate treatment, as well as clear guidelines for processing reports and determining which cases qualify for services.

Creating the deterrent effect, however, requires extensive coordination and reciprocity between victim support and offender monitoring efforts involving diverse sectors of the law enforcement community. The social and institutional settings of many interventions present important challenges to the design of systematic scientific evaluations.

Court officials should monitor closely the attendance, participation, and completion rates of offenders who are referred to batterer treatment programs in lieu of more punitive sentences.

Some researchers concluded that stronger evidence of effectiveness might be obtained from proarrest policies if they are implemented as part of a law enforcement strategy that expands the use of punitive sanctions for offenders—including conviction, sentencing, and intensive supervised probation.

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Research evaluations of service interventions often require the use of anonymous case records. Such evaluations need to document the presence and absence of services that affect members of the same family unit but offer treatment for specific problems in separate institutions characterized by different service philosophies and resources.

This research will help indicate whether treatment really helps and what mix of services are more helpful than others. Policy leadership is needed to help integrate family violence treatment, enforcement and support actions, and preventive interventions and also to foster the development of evaluations of comprehensive and cross-problem interventions that have the capacity to consider outcomes beyond reports of future violent behavior.

These six interventions were selected for particular attention because 1 they are the focus of current policy attention, service evaluation, and program design; 2 a sufficient length of time has elapsed since the introduction of the intervention to allow for appropriate experience with key program components and measurement of outcomes; 3 the intervention has been widely adopted or is under consideration by a large number of communities to warrant its careful analysis; and 4 the intervention has been described and characterized in the research literature through program summaries or case studies.

A final section makes some suggestions to increase the effectiveness of collaborations between researchers and service providers.

Does the effectiveness of treatment depend on its intensity, duration, or the voluntary or compulsory nature of the program? Many interventions have not been fully implemented because of limited funding or organizational barriers.

Mandatory reports are seen as a method by which offenders who abuse multiple partners can be identified through the health care community for law enforcement purposes. The interventions now in place in communities across the nation focus services on discrete and isolated aspects of family violence.The problems of child maltreatment, domestic violence, and elder abuse have generated hundreds of separate interventions in social service, health, and law enforcement settings.

This array of interventions has been driven by the urgency of the different types of family violence, client needs, and. The contribution of different forms of violence exposure to internalizing and externalizing symptoms among young South African adolescents M.

WindleProspective effects of violence exposure across multiple contexts on early adolescents’ internalizing and externalizing problems. domestic violence, sexual harassment, abusers - Overview of Different forms of Domestic Violence. My Account. Essay about Overview of Different forms of Domestic Violence.

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Inmore than two-thirds of children (ages 17 and younger) were exposed to violence within the past year, either directly (as victims) or indirectly (as witnesses). The different forms of violence—child abuse and neglect, youth violence, intimate partner violence, sexual violence, elder abuse, and suicidal behavior—are strongly connected to each other in many important ways.

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An analysis of the many different forms of violence and its effects on its victims
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